创新政策的三个框架:研发,创新系统和转型性变革 (Chinese Translation: Three Frames For Innovation Policy: R&D, Systems...

科技创新政策受其历史发展的影响。在现有创新政策的讨论中,可以辨别出有两个主导且互存的创新政策框架。第一个是二战后政府对科学和研发的支持,其假设认为其能促进增长且能够解决私营企业对新知识欠缺动力的市场失灵问题。第二个框架兴起于20世纪80年代全球化和对国家竞争力的强调,即基于国家创新系统(national systems of innovation)的知识创造和商业化。科技创新政策聚焦于建立联系,群和网络,旨在促进系统内各个不同元素之间的联系和学习,且能够促使企业家精神。第三个框架联系到目前的社会和环境挑战,比如可持续发展目标以及对转型创新需求的辨别。此框架区别于之前的两个框架。转型主要指基于可持续转型研究领域中社会技术系统变革的理念。本文对框架3的特征进行了描述,且以其为视角对前两个框架的特征再审视。框架3的主要特征是对试验的关注,主要论点是南半球不再仅仅扮演追赶北半球转型模式的角色。本文认为三个框架对政策制定的指导都十分相关,但应给予探索转型创新政策一定的优先级。 关键词:转型;可持续发展目标;研发;国家创新系统;创新政策...

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The Transformative Innovation Policy Consortium (TIPC)3, a global research and policy-oriented community analysing systemic transformations, is an ideal organisation to assess how may the COVID-19 pandemic impact sustainability transitions of socio-technical systems. Observing a “major landscape shock” (Kanda...

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“Learning is not child’s play; we cannot learn without pain” is a quotation attributed to Aristotle. Whether Aristotle said this or not, the quote conveys a message that we can all relate to. Learning processes take time and...

Fostering place-based coalitions between social movements and science for sustainable...

The objective of this paper is to contribute to an important debate concerning the interaction between place-based social movements and the science, technology and innovation system. Our central proposition is that place-based social movements can facilitate unique local...
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