Senegal's Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policy is defined by the Head of State through a letter of mission addressed to the Ministers in charge of innovation areas. The recipient ministries are responsible for submitting a sectoral policy letter and / or policy document to the parliament. Thus, the implementation of STI policies is done at the level of the Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur, de la Recherche et de l’Innovation (MESRI) [Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation], and other ministries (e.g. Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health), Universities and Research Institutes (Gaillard and Kane 2011). MESRI is the main governing body for science and technology (S&T) policy. In addition, MESRI defines the national priorities for S&T research and funds research through various funding instruments. Furthermore, it coordinates S&T activities and works in close collaboration with the technical ministries on which the research institutes depend.