This report analyses the capabilities of the Brazilian research system to address the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It does so from a transformative innovation perspective that suggests profound changes are required to create new developmental trajectories that are environmentally and socially sustainable. We begin from the premise that the SDGs are not a compilation of isolated targets and, therefore, we treat them as an interconnected system. We interpret our results using a systemic model developed by the Transformative Innovation Policy Consortium (TIPC) (http://www.tipconsortium.net/), and shown in figure 1 below, which groups the SDGs into three categories (SDGs related to socio-technical systems or application areas, SDGs related to transversal directions and SDGs related to framework conditions). We assume that successfully tackling the 2030 Agenda requires multi-disciplinary research and R&D capabilities associated with these three categories of SDGs.