Johan Schot

Biography

Johan Schot is Professor of Comparative Global History at the Centre for Global Challenges (UGLOBE) at Utrecht University, Netherlands. He is Academic Director of the Transformative Innovation Policy Consortium and the Deep Transitions research project coordinated from the Science Policy Research Unit at the University of Sussex Business School. He was previously Director of the Unit (SPRU) from 2014 to 2018.
Role in TIPC: Founder & Academic Director
Personal Website: http://www.johanschot.com/

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创新政策的三个框架:研发,创新系统和转型性变革 (Chinese Translation: Three Frames For Innovation Policy: R&D, Systems...

科技创新政策受其历史发展的影响。在现有创新政策的讨论中,可以辨别出有两个主导且互存的创新政策框架。第一个是二战后政府对科学和研发的支持,其假设认为其能促进增长且能够解决私营企业对新知识欠缺动力的市场失灵问题。第二个框架兴起于20世纪80年代全球化和对国家竞争力的强调,即基于国家创新系统(national systems of innovation)的知识创造和商业化。科技创新政策聚焦于建立联系,群和网络,旨在促进系统内各个不同元素之间的联系和学习,且能够促使企业家精神。第三个框架联系到目前的社会和环境挑战,比如可持续发展目标以及对转型创新需求的辨别。此框架区别于之前的两个框架。转型主要指基于可持续转型研究领域中社会技术系统变革的理念。本文对框架3的特征进行了描述,且以其为视角对前两个框架的特征再审视。框架3的主要特征是对试验的关注,主要论点是南半球不再仅仅扮演追赶北半球转型模式的角色。本文认为三个框架对政策制定的指导都十分相关,但应给予探索转型创新政策一定的优先级。 关键词:转型;可持续发展目标;研发;国家创新系统;创新政策...

THE MOTION EIT CLIMATE-KIC PROJECT

MOTION is a collaboration between TIPC and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology Knowledge and Innovation Community (EIT Climate-KIC). While the unprecedented global challenges including climate change and growing inequality call for urgent action, the transition towards a more...

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The impending climate emergency, the commitments made in the Paris agreement and the UN Agenda 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) demand significant transformations in the present economies and societies. Science funders, innovation agencies and scholars have been exploring...

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Transformative Innovation Policies (TIPs) propose that addressing the key challenges currently facing our societies requires profound changes in current socio-technical systems. To leverage such ‘socio-technical transitions’ calls for a different, broad mix of research and innovation policies, with...
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